Catullus 4
iambic trimeter

Phaselus ille, quem videtis, hospites,
That Phaselus, which you see, strangers,
- hospites - vocative

ait fuisse navium celerrimus,
says that it was the fastest of ships,
- fuisse navium celerrimus - Greek indirect statement

neque ullius natantis impetum trabis
and that he was not unable to surpass the speed of any sailing boat
- litotes
- natantis - present active participle
- metonymy

nequisse praeterire, sive palmulis
whether it would be necessary to fly
- nequisse - perfect active infinitive
- palmulus - diminuitive

opus foret volare sive linteo.
by way of oars or hand.
- foret - futurum esset - imperfect subjunctive

et hoc negat minacis Hadriatici
it denies that the shore of the the threatening Hadriatic

negare litus insulasve Cycladas
or the Cycladic Islands

Rhodumque nobilem horridamque Thracia
And the famous Rhodes and the rough Thracian
- chiasmus - ABBA

Propontida trucemve Ponticum sinum,
Propontus (sea of Marmora) or the harsh Pontic Sea (Black Sea),

ubi iste post phaselus antea fuit
Where that boat to be was previously
- post refers to phaselus

comata silva; nam Cytorio in iugu
a leafy forest; for on the Cytorian mountain
- Cytorio refers to iugu

loquente saepe sibilum edidit coma.
it often uttered whistling sounds by means of its speaking foliage.
- saepe sibilum - alliberation
- loquente refers to coma
- coma is ablative of means

Amastri Pontica et Cytore buxifer,
Pontic Amastrus and boxwood bearing Cytorus,
- vocative
- buxifer refers to Cytore

tibi haec fuisse et esse cognitissima
The Phaselus says that these things were and are very well known to you;
- haec...cognitissima - indirect statement
- cognitissima - superlative

ait phaselus; ultima ex origine
From its earliest days

tuo stetisse dicit in cacumine,
it says that it stood on your peak,
- stetisse - Perfect Active Infinitive

tuo imbuisse palmulas in aequore,
and that it dipped its oars in your sea,
- imbuisse - Perfect Active Infinitive

et inde tot per impotentia freta
and that it carried its masters there through so many raging straits,
- tot and impotentia refer to freta

erum tulisse, laeva sive dextera
whether a breeze would call on the left or the right,
- added another sive between tulisse and laeva

vocaret aura, sive utrumque Iuppiter
or a favorable wind
- vocaret imperfect subjunctive
- Iuppiter - metonomy - wind

simul secundus incidisset in pedem;
would fall upon each sail at the same time
- incidisset - pluperfect subjunctive

neque ulla vota litoralibus deis
nor that any vows were made by it to the gods of the shore

sibi esse facta, cum veniret a mari
when it came from the most recent sea

novissime hunc ad usque limpidum lacum.
all the way up to this clear lake.

sed haec prius fuere: nunc recondita
but these events were first: now
- fuerunt - syncopation
- recondita - ablative of manner, refers to quiete

senet quiete seque dedicat tibi,
it grows old in a hidden rest and it dedicates itself to you,

gemelle Castor et gemelle Castoris.
twin Castor and the twin of Castor.
gemelle - vocative
- conduplicatio